Respiratory disease is a medical term that encompasses pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange possible in higher organisms, and includes conditions of the upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, pleura and pleural cavity, and the nerves and muscles of breathing. B) Use warm salt-water gargles. Lung infections may also lead to a stuffy or runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, achy muscles, and headache. An upper respiratory infection can be due to any number of viral or bacterial infections. Upper respiratory infections (URI) are very common and include the common cold and flu.An upper respiratory infection is defined as an infection of any of the structures of the upper respiratory tract: the sinuses, nasal passages, pharynx, and larynx. Respiratory tracts includes both upper respiratory tract (URT) and lower respiratory tract (LRT). An infection of the upper respiratory tract can occur in the sinuses, nasal passages, pharynx, and larynx. Chapter 15: Respiratory System Flashcards | Quizlet 15.2 Structure and Function of the Respiratory System Review Questions. These infections may affect the throat (pharyngitis), nasopharynx (nasopharyngitis), sinuses , larynx , trachea (tracheitis) or bronchi . Upper Respiratory Infection. Upper respiratory tract: Composed of the nose, the pharynx, and the larynx, the organs of the upper respiratory tract are located outside the chest cavity. Respiratory System : Upper Respiratory Tract Of The Respiratory System (16:02) Lesson 2 in our Respiratory System series. Table 22.1 on page 805 in the textbook gives a good overview of the respiratory system. Welcome to this lesson today on the upper respiratory tract. The anatomy of the upper respiratory tract contains several structures that help rid the system of particles and pathogens. Chapter 13: Respiratory System Review Flashcards | Quizlet What are the functions of the respiratory system? The URT consists of the nose, nasal cavity, ethmoidal air cells, frontal sinuses, sphenoidal sinuses, maxillary sinus, larynx, and trachea. Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) can affect the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. Most cases of upper respiratory infection are caused by viruses, such as the common cold, and go away on their own with time. A) Take prescribed antibiotics. They warm and clean the air we inhale: mucous membranes lining upper respiratory structures trap some foreign particles, including smoke and other pollutants, before the air travels down to the lungs. Normal flora of Respiratory tract. Identify the organs of the upper respiratory tract, and state their functions. The division of the GI tract into upper and lower is a matter of some confusion and debate. Check if you have an RTI. 12/20/08 5 Epidemiology • Acute rhinosinusitis (25 million visits). Types of upper respiratory infection include the common cold (head cold), the mild flu, tonsillitis, laryngitis, and sinus infection. These structures allow us to breathe and speak. CC-BY. Respiratory organs: The organs of the respiratory tract can be divided into two groups-the upper respiratory tract (nose, nasal cavity, sinuses, and pharynx) and the lower respiratory tract (larynx, trachea, bronchial tree, and lungs). And it plays a role in gas exchange. In normal healthy individual LRT is sterile. Try this amazing Upper Respiratory Tract Infections quiz which has been attempted 2230 times by avid quiz takers. Describe the respiratory tract. Here we discuss pathologies affecting the upper respiratory tract; Subtopics; Rhinitis; Sinusitis; Laryngitis; Epiglottitis; Laryngotracheobronchitis The upper respiratory system, or upper respiratory tract, consists of the nose and nasal cavity, the pharynx, and the larynx. The respiratory tract is the path of air from the nose to the lungs. Phoenix Material Roderick Tabigne Respiratory System Lab – Week Six Introduction The respiratory system consists of the upper respiratory tract (the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and bronchi) and the lower respiratory tract (the lungs). Legionnaires disease is a life-threatening lower respiratory tract infection responsible for 1% to 3% of community-acquired pneumonia. Of the upper respiratory infection symptoms, the most common is a cough. upper respiratory tract: one of the two divisions of the respiratory system. Also explore over 29 similar quizzes in this category. Today we will be discussing the different structures associated with the upper respiratory tract. Symptoms of an RTI include: a cough – you may bring up mucus (phlegm) sneezing; a stuffy or runny nose; a sore throat; headaches; muscle aches The URT conducts air to and from the lungs and filters, moistens, and warms the air during each inspiration. Respiratory System Packet Answer Key bacteria. Most RTIs get better without treatment, but sometimes you may need to see your GP. air distributors, gas exchange, warms, filters and humidifies air, sound production, specialized epithelium of the respiratory tract … Upper respiratory infection is commonly abbreviated URI. Lower respiratory tract infections These also typically involve the flu, which can affect both the upper and lower respiratory tract, bronchitis (an infection of the airways), pneumonia (a lung infection), bronchiolitis (an infection of the small airways that affects babies and children up to the age of two) and tuberculosis (a more serious, bacterial lung infection). The GI, or digestive, tract extends from mouth to anus (see the image below). C) Dress warmly. 12/20/08 4 Epidemiology Upper respiratory tract infection is the most common diagnosis in ambulatory visits (37 million visits). Upper respiratory tract infection (URI) represents the most common acute illness evaluated in the outpatient setting. Infection with the influenza virus is another type of upper respiratory infection. As you may know, people have search hundreds times for their chosen books like this quizlet chapter 22 respiratory system, but end up in malicious downloads. So first of all, the respiratory tract as a whole is an organ system that's composed of the lungs and the airways. Rates of antibiotic prescription for uncomplicated URTIs are 52%, and it accounts for 10% of all antibiotics prescribed annually in ambulatory practice. SEVERAL studies suggest that anesthesia for the child with an upper respiratory tract infection (URI) is associated with an increased risk of perioperative respiratory complications. The upper respiratory system is made up of everything from the nose to the trachea, including the nasal cavity, frontal, maxillary, and sphenoidal sinuses, ethmoidal air cells, and the larynx.The bronchi and bronchioles airways, lungs, and alveoli make up the lower respiratory tract. D) Wash the hands frequently. Name the two subsidiary processes it involves. Part 2 in an 10 part lecture on the respiratory system in a flipped Human Anatomy course taught by Wendy Riggs. It is divided into two sections: Upper Respiratory Tract and the Lower Respiratory Tract. Brunner: Medical-Surgical Nursing, 11 th Edition Test Bank Chapter 22: Management of Patients With Upper Respiratory Tract Disorders Multiple Choice 1. An upper respiratory infection, or the common cold, is an infection that affects the nasal passages and throat. 1–7 However, differences in study design have made interpretation and comparisons difficult, such that the clinical importance of these findings remains controversial. Included in the upper respiratory tract are the Nostrils, Nasal Cavities, Pharynx, Epiglottis, and the Larynx. Respiratory System Mechanics Lab Report. During cold season, what information should the nurse provide to the patient to best prevent transmission of organisms? What is respiration, as carried out by the respiratory system? Online Library Quizlet Chapter 22 Respiratory System Quizlet Chapter 22 Respiratory System Thank you very much for reading quizlet chapter 22 respiratory system. URIs range from the common cold—typically a mild, self-limited, catarrhal syndrome of the nasopharynx—to life-threatening illnesses such as epiglottitis (see the image below). A wide range of organisms can infect the respiratory tract, including viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites (Table R-1). Cough is often present in either upper or lower respiratory tract infections. An upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) is an illness caused by an acute infection, which involves the upper respiratory tract, including the nose, sinuses, pharynx, or larynx.This commonly includes nasal obstruction, sore throat, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, sinusitis, otitis media, and the common cold. 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